The Development of Painting and Sculpture in the Rococo Period

poster seni lukis dan patung rococo

Visually, Rococo painting and sculpture are easily recognizable by their soft colors and natural, organic lines. As discussed in previous articles, the Rococo style did not confine itself to decorative practices alone in its historical development. This artistic style extended to other aspects of art, including painting and sculpture, which were considered major artistic mediums of the time.

Despite receiving much criticism and being seen as a period of artistic decadence, it did not deter a group of artists from exploring Rococo as a new direction for their artistic expression during that era.

Rococo Painting and Sculpture

Rococo artworks are visually distinctive with their pastel or pale colors and soft nuances, along with forms characterized by natural and organic lines. Additionally, beautiful female figures with sensual impressions were often used as primary subjects. The themes explored were closely tied to myths of love and romance, both in deeply personal and hedonistic forms. While some critics dismissed Rococo as a purely visual style without substance, Rococo artists presented a different perspective.

They captured the playful sensuality and hedonistic impressions that were prevalent during the time. In this regard, Rococo artists delved into and explored the behaviors and other aspects of humanity during that era.

The Embarkation for Chytera Jean Antoine Watteau 1717 sumber:

This approach starkly contrasts with its predecessor, Baroque, which leaned more towards seriousness and religious themes drawn from sacred texts. This difference may be one of the reasons why Rococo was eventually recognized as an important period in the art world in the mid-19th century.

Key Figures in Rococo Art

Some influential figures in the development of Rococo painting include Jean-Antoine Watteau (1684–1721), François Boucher (1703–1770), and Jean Honoré Fragonard (1732–1806). Meanwhile, in Britain, William Hogarth (1697–1764) and Francis Hayman (1708–1776) were notable Rococo painters known for their rough realism.

For sculpture, one of the most significant and influential artists was Étienne Maurice Falconet (1716–1791). He was renowned for his distinct Rococo style, characterized by the use of delicate porcelain material and the dominance of organic and asymmetrical forms in his works. His themes often revolved around love, joy, and the characteristic playfulness of Rococo.


  • “Rococo style (design) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia.” Retrieved April 24, 2012.
  • “Rococo – Rococo Art.” Retrieved on May 29, 2011.
  • “A Brief History of Rococo Art | artnet News.” artnet News. July 15, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
  • “Rococo Architecture.” (February 21, 2008). Retrieved on May 29, 2011.
  • “Rococo Architecture – History of Rococo Architecture – Definition of Rococo Architecture.” Retrieved on May 29, 2011.

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